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MDPI (Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute) is a publisher of open access scientific journals. Founded by Shu-Kun Lin as a chemical sample archive, it now publishes over 390 peer-reviewed, open access journals.[2][3] MDPI is among the largest publishers in the world in terms of journal article output,[4][5] and is the largest publisher of open access articles.[6] Between 2016-2020, the number of peer-reviewed papers published by MDPI grew significantly, with year over year growth of over 50% in 2017, 2018 and 2019, attracting attention to their very fast article processing times.[4][6][7]

As of June 2022, MDPI publishes 393 academic journals, including 93 journals indexed within the Science Citation Index Expanded, 8 journals indexed within the Social Sciences Citation Index,[8] 120 journals listed in SciFinder,[9] and 190 in Scopus.[10]

MDPI journals are included in the Directory of Open Access Journals.[11] MDPI is a member of the Open Access Scholarly Publishers Association,[12] a participating publisher and supporter of the Initiative for Open Citations,[13] and a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).[14]

MDPI's business model is based on establishing entirely open access broad-discipline journals, with fast processing times from submission to publication and article processing charges paid by the author.[6] MDPI's business practices have attracted controversy, with critics suggesting it sacrifices editorial and academic rigor in favor of operational speed and business interests.[4][7][15][16][17] MDPI was included on Jeffrey Beall's list of predatory open access publishing companies in 2014[18][19] but was removed in 2015 following a successful appeal[17][18] while applying pressure on Beall's employer.[20] Some journals published by MDPI have also been noted by the Chinese Academy of Sciences and Norwegian Scientific Publication Register, two major scientific bodies, for lack of rigour and possible predatory practice.[21][22][23]